The Spartans were Achaeans who lived in Sparta, the capital of the realm of Lacadeamon, or Laconia. Spartans, however, usually is used to mean the latter as well.

Rulers in Greek Mythology

Lelegids

  1. Lelex, son of Poseidon
  2. Myles, son of Lelex
  3. Eurotas, son of Myles.

    Eurotas

Lacadaemonids

  1. Lacadaemon , son of Zeus and Taygete, son-in-law of Eurotas, married to Sparta
  2. Amylcas, son of Lacadaemon and Sparta, married to Diomede and son-in-law of King Lapithes of the Lapiths
  3. Argalus, son of Amylcas and Diomede
  4. Cynortas, son of Amylcas and Diomede, brother of Argalus
  5. Oebalus, son of Cynortas, married to Gorgophone and son-in-law to King Perseus of MycenaeTiryns and formerly, also of Argos
  6. Tyndareus, son of Oebalus and Gorgophone, married to Leda and son-in-law of King Thestius of Aetolia, brother of Icarius, father of Penelope and father-in-law of Odysseus
  7. Hippocoon, son of Oebalus and Gorgophone, usurped the throne from his brother Tyndareus, brother of Icarius, father of Penelope and father-in-law of Odysseus
  8. Second reign of Tyndareus, joint reign of Icarius, son of Oebalus and brother of Tyndareus, father of Penelope and father-in-law of Odysseus

    Sparta and her territory

Atreids

  1. Menelaus, son of Atreus and Aerope, son-in-law of Tyndareus, married to Helen, brother of King Agamemnon of Mycenae
  2. Orestes , son of King Agamemnon of Mycenae and Clytaemnestra, nephew of Menelaus (by virtue of being son of his brother, and by being son of his wife's sister), also King of Mycenae ,Tiryn and Argos, also son-in-law of Menelaus, married to Hermione
  3. Tisamenus , son of Orestes and Hermione, also King of Mycenae, Tiryns and Argos

Heraclids

Agaids

  1. Eurysthenes , son of Aristodemus, grandson of Aristomachus, great-grandson of Cleodamus, great-great-grandson of Hyllus, great-great-great-grandson of Heracles and Deinaeira, brother and co-king of Sparta with Procles 
  2. Agis I , son of Eurysthenes, first historical King of Sparta of the Agaid branch

    A chart showing the relations between the Atreids (blue), the Perseids (purple)and the ruling houses of Athens (light green), Sparta (green) and Ithaca (pink)

Eurypontids

  1. Procles , son of Aristodemus, grandson of Aristomachus, great-grandson of Cleodamus, great-great-grandson of Hyllus, great-great-great-grandson of Heracles and Deinaeira, brother and co-king of Sparta with Eurysthenes
  2. Soos , son of Procles
  3. Eurypon , son of Soos, first historical king of Sparta of the Eurypontid branch


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