An Ouros rising from a mountain

The Ourea (Ancient Greek: Oὔρεα "mountains," plural of Oὔρος) were the Protogenoi gods or Daimones (spirits) of the mountains. Each mountain was said to have a god of their own. The Ourea were usually depicted as old men or women rising up from the mountain side.


The Ourea were the sons of Gaia, which were created by her after she gave existence to Ouranos. As stated in the Theogony:

And Gaia (Earth) first bore starry Ouranos (Heaven), equal to herself, to cover her on every side.
And she brought forth long hills, graceful haunts
of the goddess Nymphs who dwell amongst the glens of the hills.[1]

The Ourea's cousins were the Nesoi, the spirits of island, which were broken off from the mountains and cast into the sea by Poseidon.

There were at least ten Ourea, the following is a list of known Ourea.

Transliteration Description
Aitna Aitna is the volcano of Sikelia (Sicily in Italy) and its goddess.
Tmolos Tmolos is the mountain of Lydia (in Anatolia) and its god. He was the judge of a musical contest between Apollo and Pan.
Oreios Oreios is the Mount Othrys in Malis (central Greece) and its god.
Parnes He is the mountain of Boiotia and Attika (in Centra Greece) and its god.
Olympos 1 A Mountain of Phrygia (in Anatolia) and its god.
Olympos 2 Olympos is the mountain in Thessalia (northern Greece) and its god.
Nysos Supposedly a mountain of Boiotia (in Central Greece) and its god.
Kithairon Kithairon was the mountain of Boiotia (in Central Greece) and its god.
Helikon Helikon was a mountain of Boiotia (in Central Greece) and its god.
Athos Athos is the mountain of Thrake (North of Greece) and its god.



  1. Hesiod, Theogony, 129–131; Argonautica, 1.498.

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