In Greek mythology, Eos was the goddess of Dawn. She appears in the Theogony of Hesiod as the daughter of two Titans - Hyperion and Theia. Eos is therefore also the sister of Selene (the Moon) and Helios (the Sun). Hesiod recognizes the eternal significance of these gods in his poem:
- "Theia yielded to Hyperion's love and gave birth
- to great Helios and bright Selene and Eos,
- who brings light to all the mortals of this earth
- and to the immortal gods who rule the wide sky."
Eos also plays a role in the epics of Homer. The Greek poet frequently mentions this beautiful goddess in the Iliad and the Odyssey, referring to her as "rosy-fingered", "early-rising", and "saffron-robed". The team of horses that pull her chariot across the sky are named in the Odyssey as Lampos and Phaethon (translated as Firebright and Daybright).
There are a number of mythical stories about the affairs of Eos. Some scholars have attributed her strange fascination with mortal men to an unfortunate incident - apparently, the goddess of the Dawn had a fling with Ares. Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty, was no doubt angry that her lover had been involved with Eos, so she punished the dawn-goddess by making her fall for a series of mortals; Tithonus, Cephalus, and Orion are some of the fatal attractions of Eos.
Children often came from these romantic liaisons. Eos was the mother of several notable offspring, including the Winds (Zephyrus, Boreas, Eurus and Notus) and the Planets (Eosphoros, Phainon, Stilbon and Pyroeis) all of whom she bore to the Titan Astraeus; and Memnon, her son by Tithonus.
- (Hesiod, Theogony, 371-74)
|Parents||Uranus • Gaia|
|Elder Titans||Coeus • Crius • Cronus • Hyperion • Iapetus • Oceanus|
|Elder Titanesses||Dione • Mnemosyne • Phoebe • Theia • Rhea • Themis • Tethys|
|Coeonides||Asteria • Leto|
|Crionides||Astraeus • Pallas • Perses|
|Hyperionides||Eos • Helios • Selene|
|Iapetonides||Atlas • Epimetheus • Menoetius • Prometheus|
|Oceanides||Potamoi • Rhode • Styx|
|Others||Anemoi • Astra Planeta • Cratos • Eurynome • Hecate • Lelantos • Melisseus • Metis • Nike • Ophion|
|Topics||Overthrowing of Ouranus • Titanomachy|